Table 1.

Patient demographics and characteristics

Demographics and CharacteristicsBaselineIntervention IIntervention IIP Value
(n=176)(n=159)(n=105)
Sex, M, % (n)55 (97)49 (78)53 (56)0.53
Age, y, mean±SD65±14.065±13.366±15.90.27
Racial and ethnicity, % (n)
 White, % (n)76 (133)66 (105)72 (76)0.15
 Black, % (n)11 (20)18 (29)18 (19)0.15
 Hispanic, % (n)11 (20)5 (8)3 (3)0.01
 Asian, % (n)2 (3)1 (2)1 (1)0.86
Flagged Cr, median, (IQR)2.13 (0.68)1.94 (0.63)2.08 (0.67)0.02
Underlying CKD, % (n)68 (119)67 (107)66 (69)0.94
Hypovolemia, % (n)53 (94)50 (80)51 (54)0.92
Cardiorenal syndrome, % (n)9 (15)3 (4)8 (8)0.06
Drugs (incl. contrast), % (n)30 (53)16 (25)9 (9)<0.001
Multifactorial, % (n)19 (33)18 (13)4 (4)<0.001
No documented cause, % (n)14 (25)31 (49)26 (27)0.001
Other, % (n)12 (21)8 (13)11 (11)0.52
  • Cr, creatinine; IQR, interquartile range; incl., Including.