Table 1.

Recipient and transplant characteristics by post-transplant diabetes

Recipient CharacteristicsNonpost-transplant Diabetes Mellitus
(n=446)
Post-transplant Diabetes Mellitus (n=186)P valuea
Age, yrs, mean (SD)50.18 (14.34)55.24 (12.07)<0.001
Hispanic ethnicity, n (%)42 (9)12 (6)0.37
Black race, n (%)215 (48)92 (49)0.79
Male, n (%)262 (59)112 (60)0.76
Weight, kg, mean (SD)79.44 (19.59)83.42 (19.86)0.02
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)27.25 (5.76)28.68 (5.48)0.001
BMI <30, n (%)323 (72)116 (62)0.05
Obesity Class 1 (BMI 30.0–34.9), n (%)80 (18)44 (24)
Obesity Class 2 (BMI 35.0–39.9), n (%)29 (7)21 (11)
Obesity Class 3 (BMI ≥40), n (%)14 (3)5 (3)
Previous kidney transplant, n (%)80 (18)25 (13)0.16
ESKD duration, months, mean (SD)53.43 (39.04)50.27 (36.35)0.54
Cause of ESKD, n (%)0.50
 Hypertension167 (38)80 (43)
 Glomerulonephritis116 (26)40 (22)
 Graft failure46 (10)14 (8)
 Diabetes2 (0)1 (1)
 Other or unknown114 (26)51 (27)
Preemptive transplant42 (9)18 (10)0.93
Pre-transplant transfusions91 (20)25 (13)0.07
Hepatitis C seropositive30 (7)14 (8)0.85
HLA mismatches, mean (SD)4.32 (1.33)4.35 (1.32)0.89
Peak panel reactive antibody, n (%)0.66
 0%263 (59)118 (63)
 1–20%26 (6)12 (6)
 21–80%72 (16)24 (13)
 >80%84 (19)32 (17)
Kidney pumped, n (%)218 (49)78 (42)0.11
Kidney biopsied, n (%)228 (51)82 (44)0.10
Cold ischemia time, hours, mean (SD)16.51 (7)16.4 (6.57)0.90
  • a Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables.