Table 1.

Patient characteristics, stratified by clinician’s binary Surprise Question response

Characteristic, n (%) Unless Otherwise NotedTotal Completed REDCapSQ “Yes”SQ “No”P Value
(n=95)(n=68)(n=27)
Age, mean (SD)74.7 (8.4)72.1 (7.0)81.1 (8.3)<0.001
Female50.0 (53%)41.0 (60%)9.0 (33%)0.032
Race0.329
 White64.0 (67)44.0 (65)20.0 (74)
 Black29.0 (31)23.0 (34)6.0 (22)
Marital status0.556
 Married48.0 (51)31.0 (46)17.0 (63)
 Divorced/separated14.0 (15)12.0 (18)2.0 (7)
 Widow/widower14.0 (15)10.0 (15)4.0 (15)
 Single18.0 (19)14.0 (21)4.0 (15)
Charlson comorbidity index, mean (SD)5.7 (2.9)5.6 (3.0)6.1 (2.7)0.449
 Hypertension86.0 (91)63.0 (93)23.0 (85)0.268
 Diabetes40.0 (42)32.0 (47)8.0 (30)0.186
 Dyslipidemia74.0 (78)54.0 (79)19.0 (70)0.501
 Coronary artery disease67.0 (71)47.0 (69)20.0 (74)0.819
Congestive heart failure34.0 (36)22.0 (32)12.0 (44)0.383
Laboratory tests, mean (SD)
 eGFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)19.5 (7.4)20.7 (7.5)16.3 (6.2)0.004
 Serum creatinine (mg/dl)2.7 (0.8)2.5 (0.8)3.0 (1.0)0.032
 Serum albumin (g/dl)3.8 (0.5)3.8 (0.4)3.6 (0.5)0.023
 Hemoglobin (g/dl)11.1 (1.6)11.4 (1.7)10.4 (1.2)0.001
Hospitalization prior 1 yr33.0 (35)18.0 (27)15.0 (56)0.013
 0 visit62.0 (65)50.0 (74)12.0 (44)
 1 visit21.0 (22)13.0 (19)8.0 (30)
 2+ visits12.0 (13)5.0 (7)7.0 (26)