Table 1.

Characteristics of patients with HRS who started maintenance dialysis

CharacteristicsPercentage or Median (IQR) (n=7830)
All HRSa Recovered among Those with HRSb
Age
 18 to <30 yr131
 30 to <65 yr7314
 ≥65 yr264
Race
 Non-Hispanic White7112
 Non-Hispanic Black118
 Hispanic1412
 Asian212
 Other210
Sex
 Male6512
 Female3511
Insurance at onset of maintenance dialysis
 None0.712
 Medicaid, private, other1013
 Medicare8911
Median income in zip code in $1000s (IQR)c 50.1 (40.0–65.9)51.5 (40.9–67.7)
Dialysis modality
 Hemodialysis9911
 Peritoneal dialysis23
Region
 West2415
 Midwest2711
 South2811
 East219
Comorbid condition
 Coronary artery disease98
 Malignancy77
 Heart failure197
 Stroke26
 Diabetes mellitus297
 Hypertension469
 Drug dependence316
 Peripheral vascular disease57
 Smoker916
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease79
 Alcohol dependence3716
  • HRS, hepatorenal syndrome; IQR, interquartile range.

  • a Column percentage.

  • b Row percentage.

  • c Median income in zip code among patients with HRS and among those who recovered.