Table 3.

Characteristics of the vascular access quality improvement program participants

CharacteristicQI ProgramResearch Substudy
Patients, N 3721
 Age (yr)63 (58–74)67 (55–74)
 Female12 (32)5 (24)
 Race
  Black 1 (3)0
  White 36 (97)21 (100)
 Highest level of education completed
  Less than high school 1 (5)
  High school graduate or GED 10 (47)
  Some college 5 (23)
  4-Year college degree or more 4 (20)
Missing 1 (5)
 Insurance type
  Geisinger Health Plan 18 (49)8 (38)
  Other private or commercial plan 6 (16)3 (14)
  Medicare 11 (30)8 (38)
  Self-pay 1 (3)1 (5)
  Other 1 (3)1 (5)
 Charlson comorbidity index(37)7 (5,8)7 (5, 8)
 Diabetes24 (65)15 (71)
 KFRE score (%)40 (10–60) (n=34)0.4 (0.1–0.6) (n=20)
 eGFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)20 (17–22)19 (17–23)
 Distance from home to nephrology clinic (miles)18 (13–23)18 (13–23)
 Duration of nephrology care (mo)37 (14–93)66 (25–147)
 Hospitalized in 90 d prior to program enrollment5 (14)4 (19)
Medical providers and clinic personnel, N 3225
 Age (yr)38 (35–42) (n=24)
 Female14 (44)12 (48)
 Race
  Black 00
  White 26 (81)22 (88)
  Other 6 (19)3 (12)
 Professional role
  Nephrologist 8 (25)8 (32)
  Surgeon 14 (44)10 (40)
  Interventional radiologist 6 (19)3 (12)
  Nephrology clinic nurse 2 (6)2 (8)
  Case manager 2 (6)2 (8)
 Time in current role
  ≤1 yr 7 (28)
  2–4 yr 7 (28)
  ≥5 yr 11 (44)
 Time working with vascular access
  ≤1 yr 2 (8)
  2–4 yr 6 (24)
  ≥5 yr 17 (68)
  • Participant characteristics at time of QI program enrollment. Values are presented as n (%) or median (interquartile range). QI, quality improvement; GED, general educational development; KFRE, Kidney Failure Risk Equation.