Table 1.

Sequencing of assessment measures for the Joviality program

Surveys and Data Collection AssessmentsExposure 1Exposure 2Postinterventiona
Pre Virtual RealityVR Session OnePost Virtual RealityPre Virtual RealityVR Session TwoPost Virtual Reality
VR/HD symptoms (SSQ)XXXX
Immersion in VR environment (IPQ)XX
Usability of VR equipment (SUS)X
Feedback from end-users on VR exposureX
Clinical staff assessments of VR treatmentX
  • VR, virtual reality; HD, hemodialysis; SSQ, Simulator Sickness Questionnaire; IPQ, IGroup Presence Questionnaire; SUS, System Usability Scale.

  • a Postintervention measures were completed after both exposure sessions.