Table 1.

Demographic details of the study population at the time of dialysis initiation

VariableTotal, n=111Any Assistance, n=82No Assistance, n=29P Value
Age, yr68.9±10.269.8±10.166.3±10.30.10
Men75 (68%)54 (66%)21 (72%)0.51
Employment
 Full time12 (11%)4 (5%)8 (28%)<0.001
 Part time9 (8%)6 (7%)3 (10%)0.60
 Not employed87 (78%)69 (84%)18 (62%)0.01
 Unknown3 (3%)3 (4%)0 (0%)
Education
 Did not complete grade school14 (13%)13 (16%)1 (3%)0.08
 Grade school24 (22%)21 (26%)3 (10%)0.08
 High school19 (17%)12 (15%)7 (24%)0.24
 College/trade22 (20%)13 (16%)9 (31%)0.07
 University degree29 (26%)20 (24%)9 (31%)0.48
 Unknown3 (3%)3 (4%)0 (0%)
Lives alone22 (20%) (n=108)12 (15%) (n=79)10 (35%)0.02
Started dialysis as inpatient18 (16%)13 (16%)5 (17%)0.86
Transferred from HD23 (21%)18 (22%)5 (17%)0.59
Comorbidities
 Diabetes62 (56%)54 (66%)8 (27%)<0.001
 Coronary artery disease25 (23%)20 (24%)5 (17%)0.42
 Congestive heart failure25 (23%)21 (26%)4 (14%)0.19
 Other cardiac disease46 (41%)33 (40%)13 (45%)0.66
 Peripheral vascular disease11 (10%)9 (11%)2 (7%)0.52
 Cerebrovascular disease9 (8%)9 (11%)0 (0%)
 Cancer15 (14%)10 (12%)5 (17%)0.46
 Gastrointestinal bleed5 (5%)4 (5%)1 (3%)0.75
 Chronic pulmonary disease8 (7%)6 (7.3%)2 (7%)0.94
Laboratory values
 Creatinine, mg/dl, median (IQR)5.67 (5.09–8.81)6.39 (4.94–7.44)8.25 (6.04–11.00)0.005
 Urea, mg/dl78.4±26.0 (n=108)77.9±26.8 (n=78)89.4±22.70.05
 Albumin, g/L3.5±0.5 (n=108)3.49±0.5 (n=79)3.57±0.530.43
 Hemoglobin, g/L9.80±1.429.78±1.389.93±1.580.61
Disabilities
 Functional72 (66%) (n=110)59 (72.8%) (n=81)13 (45%)0.006
 Cognitive63 (59%) (n=106)55 (71.4%) (n=77)8 (28%)<0.001
 Frailty65 (64%) (n=101)50 (68.5%) (n=73)15 (54%) (n=28)0.16
No. of tasks needing assistance, median (IQR)6.5 (3–10)N/A
  • HD, hemodialysis; IQR, interquartile range; N/A, not applicable.