Table 1.

Patient characteristics

CharacteristicsNormal Lactate (≤2.1 mmol/L)Elevated Lactate (>2.1 mmol/l)
N6345
Age (yr), mean±SD43.6±21.038.6±18.8
Male, n/N (%)44/63 (70)32/45 (71)
Intubated, n/N (%)6/63 (10)10/45 (22)
Hypotensive (systolic BP ≤90 mm Hg), n/N (%)3/63 (5)8/45 (18)
Mechanism of injury, n/N (%)
 Blunt trauma49/63 (78)32/45 (71)
 Penetrating trauma6/63 (10)8/45 (18)
 Burns5/63 (8)3/45 (7)