Table 6.

Clinical outcomes in some urgent-start PD studies

AuthorYearNumber of Patients and Additional DetailsStudyInsertion Technique/OperatorTime of PD InitiationLeak (%)Catheter Migration (%)Exit-Site InfectionPeritonitis RateTechnique Survival (%)
Song et al. (48)200021; gradual increase in fill volumeProspective randomizedPercutaneousDay 010a1010%24%86 (1 yr)
38; full exchange volume (2 L)Day 011a85%16%84 (1 yr)
Banli et al. (73)200541Prospective observationalOpen surgicalDay 65b22%
Jo et al. (54)200751Prospective observationalPercutaneous (nephrologist)Day 02a64%4%
Casaretto et al. (74)201211Laparoscopy0–2 d090a
Alkatheeri et al. (72)201630ProspectivePercutaneous (nephrologist) or laparoscopy (surgeon)0–13 d (median 6 d)10c207%3%93 (3 mo)
Javaid et al. (68)20161782% percutaneous (nephrologist) or laparoscopy (surgeon)1–3 d0d1188 (6 mo)
Dias et al.e(80)201751ProspectivePercutaneous (nephrology)0–3 d (median 2 d)81617%0.5f86 (6 mo)
Ye et al. (70)20192059RetrospectivePercutaneous (nephrologist)Day 00.9a40.3%1%97 (1 yr)
Povlsen et al. (75)200652; acute startRetrospective, unmatched controlOpen surgicalDay 08g154%15%87 (3 mo)
88; planned start0g156%6%90 (3 mo)
Yang et al. (50)2011226; incremental PDRetrospectiveOpen surgicalDay 12d31%4%36 (823 d)
84; late start41–43 d2d20%2%68 (522 d)
Ghaffari (21)201218; acute startQuality improvement projectPercutaneous (interventional radiology)33d111/55h1/110h
9; planned start11d221/42h1/42h
Liu et al. (71)2014344 (<7 d)RetrospectivePercutaneous (nephrologist)2410%94 (6 mo)
137 (8–14 d)20.710%99
176 (>14 d)019%98
Ranganathan et al. (19)201739 (1 wk)Randomized control trialSurgical28i97 (6 mo)
42 (2 wk)10i95
41 (4 wk)2i80
  • PD, peritoneal dialysis.

  • a 1 mo.

  • b <2 wk.

  • c <1 wk.

  • d 6 mo.

  • e Used high-volume PD.

  • f Episode/patient-year.

  • g 3 mo.

  • h Per patient-month.

  • i 60 d.