Table 1.

Clinical characteristics of patients on chronic hemodialysis who were hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019

Clinical CharacteristicValue
n=114
Admission location, n (%)
 Home79 (69)
 Nursing home35 (31)
Age, yr, median (IQR)64.5 (55 to 73)
Sex, n (%)
 Female44 (39)
 Male70 (61)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
 Black56 (49)
 Hispanic45 (40)
 White7 (6)
 Asian6 (5)
Dialysis vintage, yr, median (IQR)3.2 (1.1 to 5.6)
Vascular access, n (%)
 AVF83 (73)
 AVG12 (11)
 Central vein catheter (tunneled)19 (17)
Clinical comorbidities, n (%)
 Hypertension102 (90)
 Diabetes mellitus76 (67)
 Cardiovascular disease63 (55)
 Stroke25 (22)
 Pulmonary disease40 (35)
 Hepatitis C19 (17)
 Malignancy14 (12)
 Smoking, former or active58 (5)
Home medication, n (%)
 ACEi or ARB25 (22)
Symptoms, n (%)
 Shortness of breath57 (50)
 Fever ≥100.4°F51 (45)
 Cough15 (13)
 Chest pain13 (11)
 Altered mental status10 (9)
 Hyperkalemia (serum potassium >5.5 meq/L)5 (4)
 Diarrhea6 (5)
Sepsis criteria on admission, n (%)
 Fever ≥100.4°F41 (36)
 Heart rate >90 beats per minute52 (46)
 Respiratory rate ≥20 breaths per minute56 (49)
 White cell count >12,000, (k/μl)14 (12)
 White cell count <4000, (k/μl)25 (22)
Admission vital signs, mean (SD)
 Temperature (°F)99.6 (99–100.8)
 Heart rate (beats per minute)88.5 (75–104)
 Mean arterial pressure (mm Hg)96.6 (83–112)
 Pulse oximetry (% saturation)95.3 (5.5)
 Body mass index (kg/m2), median (IQR)26.9 (23 to 31)
Chest x-ray findings, n (%)
 Bilateral infiltrates49 (43)
 Focal infiltrate21 (18)
 Pulmonary edema23 (20)
 Pulmonary edema and bilateral infiltrates12 (11)
 Clear9 (8)
  • Numbers reported in table are mean (SD), median (IQR), or n (%). IQR, interquartile range; AVF, arteriovenous fistula; AVG, arteriovenous graft; ACEi, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ARB, angiotension receptor blocker.