Table 1.

Characteristics of patients on dialysis in Argentina

CharacteristicValue
Country population44,494,502
Patients on hemodialysis29,929
Patients on peritoneal dialysis1945
Patients with functioning kidney transplant11,486
Prevalence of hepatitis B, %0.2
Prevalence of hepatitis C, %1
Prevalence of HIV, %0.8
Prevalence of diabetes, %28
Membrane dialyzer (reuse), synthetic/substituted cellulose/cellulose, %83/14/4
Type of vascular access, native AVF/prosthetic AVF/catheter70/15/15
Prevalence of patients with ESA, %87
No. of hemodialysis centers597
Hospital-based dialysis units, %25
Nonprofit dialysis units, %11
No. of peritoneal dialysis centers79
Dialysis covered by insurance, %100
Out-of-pocket expenses, %0
Dialysis unit staffing, nurses/technicians, %95/5
Payment per hemodialysis session, USD55
Patient-nurse ratio in hemodialysis units, adult/pediatric4–5/2–3
Average length of dialysis session, h4
Minimum patient evaluation by physician per mo4
No. of transplant centers55
Adjusted annual mortality dialysis rate, %16.48
Etiology of ESKD, %
 Diabetes36.5
 Nephroangiosclerosis20
 Unknown cause17
 GN9
 Myeloma and amyloidosis1
 Obstructive uropathy6
 Polycystic kidney disease, adult type5
 Epidemic uremic hemolytic syndrome0.5
 Other5
Cause of death, %
 Cardiovascular50
 Infection25
 Neoplasia6
 Other19
  • Source: Argentinean Registry of Dialysis and Transplantation (5,6). AVF, arteriovenous fistula; ESA, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents; USD, United States dollars.