Table 1.

Absolute and relative contraindications for peritoneal dialysis in AKI

Factors
Recent breach of peritoneum (abdominal surgery)
Peritonitis
Bowel compromise/inflammation
Severe hyperkalemia
Toxic ingestion
Severe respiratory failure and pulmonary edema
Shock liver and/or severe lactic acidosisa
Ascites and high intra-abdominal pressure
Prone ventilation
  • a Only a relative contraindication with lactate-buffered (not bicarbonate-buffered) peritoneal dialysis solutions. Bicarbonate-buffered solutions are not currently available in the United States.