Table 3.

Risk of rapid eGFR decline, incident reduced eGFR, and incident albuminuria associated with financial resource strain score

AnalysisRegression Estimate
Rapid eGFR decline (N=1262), incidence ratio (95% CI)
 Model 11.12 (1.02 to 1.23)
 Model 21.11 (1.02 to 1.20)
 Model 31.10 (1.00 to 1.21)
Incident eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (N=1220), odds ratio (95% CI)
 Model 11.00 (0.84 to 1.20)
 Model 21.05 (0.87 to 1.26)
 Model 31.01 (0.83 to 1.23)
Incident ACR ≥30 mg/g (N=1120), odds ratio (95% CI)
 Model 11.43 (1.14 to 1.80)
 Model 21.44 (1.18 to 2.81)
 Model 31.30 (1.01 to 1.68)
  • The financial strain score ranged from zero to four according to the number of financial resource strain indicators present (housing insecurity, food insecurity, ability to afford medications, and unemployment). Model 1 was unadjusted; model 2 was adjusted for baseline age, sex at birth, black/white race, and poverty status; model 3 was adjusted for demographics, eGFR, ACR, systolic BP, diabetes status, and education. CI, confidence interval; ACR, albumin-to-creatinine ratio.